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January 19, 1812: After a ten day siege, the Duke of Wellington orders British soldiers of the Light and Third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.

January 20, 1783: Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American War of Independence.

January 21, 1793: Louis XVI of France is executed by guillotine.

January 22, 1506: The first contingent of Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.

January 23, 1849: Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded an M.D., becoming the first female doctor in the US.

January 24, 1857: The University of Calcutta is founded.

January 25, 1858: Queen Victoria’s daughter Victoria marries Friedrich of Prussia, using Felix Mendelssohn’s The Wedding March as part of the ceremony.